In an emergency situation, families often flee with little more than the clothes they are wearing and consequently find themselves displaced without any personal belongings. In addition to food, refugees and internally displaced persons are in urgent need of non-food items to survive, including blankets, plastic sheeting, mattresses, clothes, hygiene supplies, stoves and pots.
In partnership with United Nations we have been the biggest distribution actor across north of Iraq, distributing core relief items, communicating with approved persons of concern and facilitating registration for the winterization assistance and provision of core relief items, sealing off kits, and non-food items. Our capacities, preparedness and ability to provide immediate response to emergency have enabled us to facilitate UNHCR’s distribution of cash to protect families from the risk of the world-wide COVID-19 pandemic.
In recent years, the inflows of internally displaced persons and refugees have gradually deteriorated, due to the numbers of people arriving in seeking protection in camp and non-camp areas across the Middle East.
In the area of construction and rehabilitation our interventions have been undertaken in partnership with UNHCR and their underlying policies and standards. Any rehabilitation or construction project must aim to be socially, economically and environmentally sustainable after completion. We achieve this by cooperating with local and national government authorities, United Nations agencies, non-governmental organizations and other partners. We consult with refugees and host communities during the planning and design phases. We promote environmentally sustainable construction materials and ensure that design and construction minimize maintenance requirements over the life cycle of the facility.
Access to clean water and proper sanitation facilities is among the most urgent needs for people displaced by conflict. We have specialized in WASH services, in order to safeguard public health and safe water for displaced and local communities.
We have implemented a number of WASH projects in the Middle East in partnership with UNHCR to tackle WASH challenges, provide adequate infrastructure for water and sanitation and educate people in good hygiene practices. We help displaced families achieve dignified living conditions and protect their right to safe water and sanitation.
The recent years of instability and great numbers of people displaced from Syria and other parts of Iraq, arriving to the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, has led to a very high number of children losing their basic right to formal education. This is due to a number of challenges such as the limitation in the allocation of funds, language barriers and demotivation.
We have launched a project to promote formal education among refugee children, with a focus on improving the quality of education and reducing the number of student dropouts from school, which is interrelated to child labor and child marriage. Our activities improved the quality of education and ensured a safe learning environment, benefiting a wide range of students from primary schools to secondary schools.
The internally displaced persons and refugee families often arrive to the camps with very little belongings and even less information on the services and assistance available to them in their new homes. In order to minimize these protection risks, community outreach is of utmost importance in order for new arrivals to better adapt to their new life. Furthermore, newly arrived individuals are at heightened risks of being subject to sexual and gender-based violence.
Our Outreach project aims to engage members of the internally displaced persons, refugees and host communities in protection operations. Through community-based protection, our initiatives are implemented based on protection case identification, community resource mapping, mass information dissemination, facilitation of community empowerment initiatives, and built local capacities. In addition to community-based protection, we focus on strengthening the prevention and response to gender-based violence among women and girls in camp and non-camp settings.
To identify human rights violations and protection risks among internally displaced persons and refugees, some kind of protection monitoring need to be done. Protection monitoring generally takes place over an extended period of time and should be coordinated and undertaken by agencies with a specific mandate and expertise to do so.
To respond to the urgent challenges concerning protection, we, in partnership with United Nations have implemented a number of robust projects. Our protection monitoring involves collecting, verifying and analyzing information in order to identify human rights violations and protection risks – and establishing a safe environment with other operating service providers.
As a result of any conflict or emergencies several families will flee their place of origin, lose their means of income and depend on assistance from aid organizations to make their living. Most of the displaced persons, returnees and refugees have certain skills, talents and experiences. They can become independent in income generation should they be supported to regain access to their means of income.
To support displaced people to go back to their places of origin and returnees to depend on themselves to make income and feed their families, several livelihood projects are implemented to support farmers. These include distribution of seeds and fertilizer, mentoring to better utilize the farms, rehabilitate irrigation canals, spraying fields with necessary chemicals, supporting farmers to harvest their crops, warehouse products and marketing them to the local markets.
Country Management Office of Palestine
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